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Mechanism for Time-Sensitive Drug Abuse Research (R21)

Grant Amount: Unspecified.

This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is issued by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institutes of Health (NIH). The FOA is intended to support pilot, feasibility, or exploratory research for up to 2 years in 4 priority areas, including (1) responses to unexpected and time-sensitive medical system changes (e.g. opportunities to understand addiction services in the evolving health care system); (2) responses to emerging drug abuse-related HIV trends and topics (e.g. rapidly evolving drug-abuse related epidemics, time-sensitive policy or environmental changes); (3) responses to unexpected and time-sensitive criminal justice opportunities (e.g. new system and/or structural level changes) that relate to drug abuse and access and provision of health care service; and (4) responses to unexpected and time-sensitive prescription drug abuse opportunities (e.g., new state or local efforts). It should be clear that the knowledge gained from the proposed study is time-sensitive, and that an expedited review and funding are required in order for the scientific question to be answered.

In particular, this FOA encourages innovative scientific partnerships between researchers and community or public partners (e.g., public mental health/substance abuse or health care systems; public and federally-charted community health clinic settings; AIDS-service organizations; criminal justice settings; school systems; child welfare agencies; health care providers; long-term care providers, payers, health authorities, etc.) who cannot delay policy or program changes in order to obtain baseline research data related to the implementation or impact of such changes. Research collaborations intended to answer unique and innovative questions concerning changes in a health care system or policy are of most interest.

This FOA responds to the need for rapid responses to “emerging policy changes and phenomena that affect the delivery and/or effectiveness of prevention and treatment services” related to addiction care (in particular prescription drug use), HIV care, and the criminal justice setting. The FOA provides a mechanism for accelerated review and award to support opportunities for this type of initial feasibility and pilot research.

Funding Organization
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Fund Category
Other Health-Related
Support Types
Eligible Organizations
City Agencies
Commercial Organizations
Community Based Organizations
County Agencies
Educational Organizations/Institutions
Federal Government Agencies
IRS 501 (c)(3) Organizations
Nonprofit Organizations
Religious Organizations
State Agencies
Tribal Organizations
Award Amount Notes
The number of awards is contingent upon NIH appropriations, and the submission of a sufficient number of meritorious applications.

Direct costs are limited to $275,000 over a two-year project period. No more than $200,000 may be requested in any single year.

Application Due Date
Application Contact Customer Support
Phone: (800) 518-4726
Technical Contact
Redonna K Chandler
Branch Chief
Services Research BranchDiv of Epidemiology, Services,
& Prevention Research/NIDA
6001 Executive Boulevard
Room 5177, MSC 9589
Bethesda, MD 208929589
Phone: (301) 443-6504
Fax: (301) 443-6815
Fund Duration
Up to 2 years.
Correctional Facilities/Correctional Agencies
Drug Abuse
Health Care Policies
HIV/AIDS Prevention
Research Programs
Application Process
Applicants must download the SF424 (R&R) application package associated with this funding opportunity using the “Apply for Grant Electronically” button in this FOA or following the directions provided at

It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide (, except where instructed in this funding opportunity announcement to do otherwise. Conformance to the requirements in the Application Guide is required and strictly enforced. Applications that are out of compliance with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.
Web Site
Fund Number

Disclaimer: NPIN provides this information as a public service only. The views and information provided about the materials, funding opportunities, and organizations do not necessarily state or reflect those of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, CDC, or NPIN. Fund Record #4594

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