Sustained Release of Antivirals for Treatment or Prevention of HIV (SRATP) (R01)
Grant Amount: Unspecified.
The purpose of this Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is to stimulate the high-risk research needed to develop new and innovative sustained release antiviral strategies for treatment of HIV disease or the prevention of HIV transmission and acquisition. Adherence to dosing regimens is a shared critical issue for both HIV treatment and prevention. It has been hypothesized that development of approaches eliminating or reducing the impact of individual adherence could increase the efficacy of treatment strategies and provide for prevention of HIV transmission. Although initial development of sustained release methods for prevention and treatment have begun, the effort is limited in scope and is not taking full advantage of available antivirals and the range of new and novel formulation approaches to achieve sustained release of drugs.
Clinical experience for both the HIV treatment and prevention fields has established that adherence is a significant factor in the success of the HIV treatment regime and/or prevention strategies. Effective treatment of HIV-infected individuals requires strict adherence to a multi-component regimen of antiretroviral agents that currently must be taken at least daily for the remainder of a patient’s life. Non-adherence can lead to emergence of drug-resistance and loss of therapeutic effectiveness. Effective prevention requires that the inhibitor be present at the right time, place and concentration to stop HIV transmission and acquisition. Although many factors (social, behavioral and individual preference) can influence adherence, one that is addressable using drug discovery/development tools is the use of drug delivery systems to provide for a longer therapeutic exposure or window of protection, thus lowering the barrier to achievement of consistent use by the infected and/or uninfected individual. The goal of developing safe, effective and well-tolerated acceptable sustained release formulations/regimens is thus to improve adherence by significantly simplifying dosing requirements while maintaining consistent and effective drug levels in plasma and HIV target tissues (CNS/CSF, semen, lymph nodes, female reproductive tract, GALT, etc.).
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Division of AIDS Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development US Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Services National Institutes of Health National Institute of Mental Health
City Agencies Colleges/Universities Commercial Organizations Community Based Organizations County Agencies Educational Organizations/Institutions Federal Government Agencies International Agencies IRS 501 (c)(3) Organizations Nonprofit Organizations Religious Organizations Schools State Agencies Tribal Organizations
Award Amount Notes
The number of awards is contingent upon NIH appropriations and the submission of a sufficient number of meritorious applications. Application budgets are not limited, but need to reflect the actual needs of the proposed project.
Antiviral Drugs HIV/AIDS Prevention Medical Treatments and Therapies Research Programs
Applicants must download the SF424 (R&R) application package associated with this funding opportunity using the “Apply for Grant Electronically” button in this FOA or following the directions provided at Grants.gov.
It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide (http://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/424/SF424_RR_Guide_General_Adobe_VerB.pdf), except where instructed in this funding opportunity announcement to do otherwise. Conformance to the requirements in the Application Guide is required and strictly enforced. Applications that are out of compliance with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.
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