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Viral Hepatitis Headquarters

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Welcome! Looking for the latest CDC guidelines on viral hepatitis? Sample campaign materials and resources? NPIN is here to provide you with the most current information, resources, and tools to support your organization’s efforts to prevent viral hepatitis. The links below will help you get started.

Overview of Hepatitis Viruses
Learn about the five different types of hepatitis and how they are transmitted.
MMWRs and Other Reports
The most current MMWRs and other reports on the detection, treatment, and care of viral hepatitis.
Materials and Resources
Links to successful viral hepatitis prevention programs and materials to support your efforts
NPIN Resources
Search our databases for viral hepatitis service providers, materials, and funding opportunities.
More Information from CDC
Links to facts sheets, podcasts, and other resources from CDC.

The word "hepatitis" means inflammation of the liver. Toxins, certain drugs, some diseases, heavy alcohol use, and bacterial and viral infections can all cause hepatitis. Hepatitis is also the name of a family of viral infections that affect the liver. The most common types are hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C.

Overview of Hepatitis Viruses

Hepatitis A Virus

Hepatitis A is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). HAV infection produces a self-limited disease that does not result in chronic infection or chronic liver disease. HAV infection is primarily transmitted by the fecal-oral route, by either person-to-person contact or through consumption of contaminated food or water. Hepatitis A vaccination is the most effective measure to prevent HAV infection and is recommended for all children at age 1, certain international travelers, and others at risk for HAV infection.

Hepatitis B Virus

Hepatitis B is a serious liver infection caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV). HBV infection can cause acute illness and lead to chronic or lifelong infection, cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure, and death. HBV is transmitted through percutaneous (puncture through the skin) or mucosal contact with infectious blood or body fluids. Hepatitis B vaccination is the most effective measure to prevent HBV infection and its consequences and is recommended for all infants and others at risk for HBV infection.

Hepatitis C Virus

Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) that sometimes results in an acute illness, but most often becomes a silent, chronic infection that can lead to cirrhosis (scarring), liver failure, liver cancer, and death. Chronic HCV infection develops in a majority of HCV-infected persons, most of whom do not know they are infected since they have no symptoms. HCV is spread by contact with the blood of an infected person. There is no vaccine for hepatitis C.

Hepatitis D Virus

Hepatitis D is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis D virus (HDV), and only occurs in people already infected with hepatitis B, since HDV needs the hepatitis B virus to replicate. HDV is transmitted through percutaneous (puncture through the skin) or mucosal contact with infectious blood.

Hepatitis E Virus

Hepatitis E is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis E virus (HEV) that usually results in a self-limited disease. HEV infection is primarily transmitted by the fecal-oral route, mostly through consumption of contaminated water. While rare in the United States, hepatitis E is common in many parts of the world. There is currently no approved vaccine for hepatitis E.



MMWRs and Other Reports

Hepatitis C: A Crisis in the African American Community (PDF)
From the National Medical Association.

Recommendations for Testing, Managing, and Treating Hepatitis C
From the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Infectious Diseases Society of America.

CDC Guidance for Evaluating Health-Care Personnel for Hepatitis B Virus Protection and for Administering Postexposure Management
From CDC's MMWR Recommendations and Reports; December 20, 2013 / 62(RR-10);1-19.

Hepatitis C: Why People Born 1945-1965 Should Get Tested
From CDC's Division of Viral Hepatitis.
November 21, 2013

Surveillance for Viral Hepatitis – United States, 2011
From CDC's Division of Viral Hepatitis.

Screening for Hepatitis C Virus Infection in Adults
From the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.

Locations and Reasons for Initial Testing for Hepatitis C Infection — Chronic Hepatitis Cohort Study, United States, 2006–2010
From CDC's MMWR Weekly; August 16, 2013 / 62(32);645-648.

Testing for HCV Infection: An Update of Guidance for Clinicians and Laboratorians
From CDC's MMWR Weekly; May 10, 2013 / 62(18);362-365.

Updated CDC Recommendations for the Management of Hepatitis B Virus–Infected Health-Care Providers and Students
From CDC's MMWR Recommendations and Reports; July 6, 2012 / 61(RR-03);1-12.

Hepatitis C: Testing Baby Boomers Saves Lives
From CDC's Vital Signs, May 2013.

Recommendations for the Identification of Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection Among Persons Born During 1945-1965
From CDC's Recommendations and Reports; August 17, 2012 / 61(RR04);1-18.

Combating the Silent Epidemic of Viral Hepatitis: Action Plan for the Prevention, Care and Treatment of Viral Hepatitis (PDF)
From HHS.

Evaluation of Acute Hepatitis C Infection Surveillance - United States, 2008
From CDC’s MMWR Weekly; November 5, 2010 / 59(43);1407-1410.

The Beginning of a New Era in Understanding Hepatitis C Virus Prevention
From The Journal of Infectious Diseases 2010;202(7):981–983.

Hepatitis and Liver Cancer: A National Strategy for Prevention and Control of Hepatitis B and C
From the Institute of Medicine, January 11, 2010.

Hepatocellular Carcinoma—United States, 2001–2006
From CDC's MMWR Weekly; May 7, 2010 / 59(17);517-520.

Surveillance for Acute Viral Hepatitis—United States, 2007
From CDC's MMWR Surveillance Summaries; May 22, 2009 / 58(SS03);1-27.

Updated Recommendations from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for Use of Hepatitis A Vaccine in Close Contacts of Newly Arriving International Adoptees
From CDC's MMWR Weekly; September 18, 2009 / 58(36);1006-1007.

Recommendations for Identification and Public Health Management of Persons with Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection
From CDC's MMWR Recommendations and Reports; September 19, 2008 / 57(RR08);1-20.

Surveillance for Acute Viral Hepatitis—United States, 2006
From CDC's MMWR Surveillance Summaries, March 21, 2008 / 57(SS02);1-24.

A Comprehensive Immunization Strategy to Eliminate Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in the United States Part II: Immunization of Adults
From CDC's MMWR Recommendations and Reports, December 8, 2006 / 55(RR16);1-25.

A Comprehensive Immunization Strategy to Eliminate Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in the United States Part 1: Immunization of Infants, Children, and Adolescents
From CDC's MMWR Recommendations and Reports, December 23, 2005 / 54(RR16);1-23.

Recommendations for Prevention and Control of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection and HCV-Related Chronic Disease
From CDC's Division of Viral Hepatitis

Prevention of Hepatitis A Through Active or Passive Immunization: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)
From CDC's MMWR Recommendations and Reports, May 19, 2006 / 55(RR07);1-23.

Update: Prevention of Hepatitis A After Exposure to Hepatitis A Virus and in International Travelers. Updated Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)
From CDC's MMWR Weekly, October 19, 2007 / 56(41);1080-1084.

Click here for more MMWRs.



Materials and Resources

Podcast Library
From the Hepatitis B Foundation.

National Training Center for Integrating Hepatitis into HIV/STD Prevention Services

Resources in Multiple Languages
From the American Liver Foundation.

Medical Glossary, Multiple-Language Fact Sheets, and Articles for Providers
From the Hepatitis C Support Project.

Continuing Medical Education
From the Hepatitis B Foundation.

Free Continuing Education—Hepatitis Web Study
From the Seattle STD/HIV Prevention Training Center and the University of Washington.

HCV Education & Support: A Brief History of Hepatitis C (PDF)
From the Hepatitis C Support Group.

Vaccination Handouts for Healthcare Professionals and Their Patients
From the Immunization Action Coalition.

Ask the Experts: Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B Vaccines and Their Administration
From the Immunization Action Coalition.

Living with Hepatitis B: An Interactive Learning Guide for Acute and Chronic Infection
From the Hepatitis B Foundation.

Can Hepatitis C (HCV) Transmission Be Prevented?
From the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California San Francisco.

Viral Hepatitis and HIV/AIDS Integration: A Resource Guide for HIV/AIDS Programs (PDF)
From the National Alliance of State and Territorial AIDS Directors.



NPIN Resources

NPIN has three databases that include resources on hepatitis.

Organizations: Locate hepatitis service providers for networking and client referrals.

Materials: Download materials on hepatitis.

Funding: Locate federal and private funding opportunities for service organizations.

Other NPIN Resources

Campaign Resources: Find and submit viral hepatitis campaigns.

NPIN Electronic Mailing Lists: Receive the latest prevention news and updates from the National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).

NPIN Feeds: Have the latest news and funding opportunities delivered to your desktop.



More Information from CDC

For more information on viral hepatitis






Page Last Updated: March 31, 2014

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