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Injection Drug Users (IDUs) / Substance Abusers

Sharing syringes and other equipment for drug injection is a well-known route of HIV transmission; injection drug users represent 12% of annual new HIV infections and 19% of those living with HIV. (1) Excessive drinking and the use of substances such as methamphetamine can contribute to risky sexual behavior.


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Estimated Percentages and Characteristics of Men Who Have Sex with Men and Use Injection Drugs — United States, 1999–2011;
From CDC's MMWR Weekly; September 20, 2013 / 62(37);757-762

Syringe Exchange Programs — United States, 2008
MMWR Weekly; November 19, 2010 / 59(45);1488-1491

HIV and Substance Use in the United States
From CDC’s Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention

HIV Infection Among Injection-Drug Users --- 34 States, 2004—2007
From CDC's MMWR Weekly; November 27, 2009 / 58(46);1291-1295

HIV-Associated Behaviors Among Injecting-Drug Users—23 Cities, United States, May 2005–February 2006
From CDC's MMWR Weekly; April 10, 2009 / 58(13);329-332

What Are Injection Drug Users (IDU) HIV Prevention Needs?
From the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies
En español

Methamphetamine Use and Risk for HIV/AIDS(PDF)
From CDC’s Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention

How Does Methamphetamine Use Affect HIV Prevention?
From the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California San Francisco

How Do Club Drugs Impact HIV Prevention?
From the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California San Francisco

NUSDUH Report (National Survey on Drug Use and Health): Injection Drug Use and Related Risk Behaviors
From the Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

Alcohol and HIV/AIDS
From the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health

Best Practices in TB Control: Working with Substance Users and Homeless Populations
From the New Jersey Medical School Global Tuberculosis Institute

Principles of HIV Prevention in Drug-Using Populations
Manual produced by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

HIV and Substance Abuse Clinical Guidelines
Fact sheets from HIV Clinical Resource



1 CDC. HIV and AIDS in the United States. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2010. [cited 2010 September 2]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/resources/factsheets/us.htm.




Page Last Updated: April 1, 2014

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